Laws of Maintenance under different personal laws are as follows
a. Maintenance under Hindu Law.
b. Maintenance under Muslim Law.
c. Maintenance under Parsi Law.
d. Maintenance under Christian Law.
Maintenance Under-Hindu Law:
Under S.24 of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (herein after mentioned as HM Act), either the wife or husband can apply for maintenance and interim maintenance. The basis of the claim for maintenance is that the claimant has no independent income of his/her own to support himself/herself.
Maintenance of Children and Parents – Hindu Law:
U/s 20 of the HAMA a Hindu during his/her lifetime shall maintain his/her legitimate or illegitimate children and aged or infirm parents.
Maintenance Under- Muslim Law :
Maintenance under Muslim law is known as “Nafqah”. “Nafqah” basically the minum needs of wife such as includes food, clothing and lodging.
Maintenance Under – Parsi law
The Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 recognizes the right of wife to maintenance-both alimony pendente lite and permanent alimony. However the husband doesn’t have the same rights under the said Act.
Maintenance Under – Christian law
The Indian Divorce Act, 1869 governs maintenance rights of a Christian wife. The Indian Divorce Act, 1869 recognizes the right of only wife to maintenance-both alimony pendente lite (during pendency of a suit) and permanent alimony. However the husband doesn’t have the same rights Under the said Act.